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k12 english language arts

Home : Assessments : Comprehension and Fluency Assessments

Comprehension and Fluency Assessments

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The Comprehension and Fluency Assessments are written to reflect grade-level reading expectations and are designed to help classroom teachers and grade-level teams determine how effective their delivery of instruction is at meeting the expected student learning goals in the area of comprehension and fluency.

These assessments, for grades 1-6, are independent of any published Reading/Language Arts curriculum; thus they can be used regardless of the curriculum a district or school has adopted.

Comprehension Assessments

There are six Comprehension Assessments for grades 2-6. They are designed to be administered every 6-8 weeks of school, beginning after the first six weeks of instruction. There are three first grade Comprehension Assessments. They can be administered following the 24th, 30th, and 36th weeks of instruction.

Each passage, which has been carefully written to reflect grade-level readability, is read silently by the student and includes 10 questions related to the content. Some questions are written to provide children with an opportunity to use comprehension strategies to determine both literal and inferential meaning from text, while other questions require students to use context clues to decipher a word's meaning. Passages and questions are organized to reflect a norm-referenced comprehension assessment and provide students practice with this structure.

Click on grades to view sample comprehension passages and questions.

Comprehension Passages Comprehension Questions
Grade 1 Week 24 Page 10 (pdf) Grade 1 Week 24 Page 11 (pdf)
Grade 2 Week 18 Page 18 (pdf) Grade 2 Week 18 Page 19 (pdf)
Grade 3 Week 30 Page 12 (pdf) Grade 3 Week 30 Page 13 (pdf)
Grade 4 Week 24 Page 2 (pdf) Grade 4 Week 24 Page 3 (pdf)
Grade 5 Week 36 Page 18 (pdf) Grade 5 Week 36 Page 19 (pdf)
Grade 6 Week 24 Page 4 (pdf) Grade 6 Week 24 Page 5 (pdf)

Oral Reading Fluency Assessments

Accompanying each comprehension assessment is a grade-level specific, one-minute Oral Reading Fluency Assessment. Second through sixth grade fluency passages have an end-of-year readability. First grade passages progressively increase in reading difficulty over the year, beginning with early first grade readability and concluding with end-of-year.

Two passages are included for each assessment period. Frequently, one passage is nonfiction while the other is fiction. This provides teachers with information on how well their students are able to read both types of text. After both passages are read and scored, an average fluency score is determined. The percentile score designations of words correct per minute (WCPM) are based on Oral Reading Fluency Norms (2005) established by Jan Hasbrouck and Gerald Tindal.

Click on grades to view sample fluency passages.

Grade 1 Week 6 Passage 2 (pdf) Grade 1 Week 36 Passage 2 (pdf)
Grade 2 Week 24 Passage 1 (pdf) Grade 2 Week 30 Passage 2 (pdf)
Grade 3 Week 18 Passage 2 (pdf) Grade 3 Week 36 Passage 2 (pdf)
Grade 4 Week 12 Passage 1 (pdf) Grade 4 Week 36 Passage 2 (pdf)
Grade 5 Week 12 Passage 2 (pdf) Grade 5 Week 30 Passage 1 (pdf)
Grade 6 Week 6 Passage 1 (pdf) Grade 6 Week 18 Passage 2 (pdf)

Packaging

Comprehension and Fluency Assessments are available in a classroom package, which includes a Student Test Booklet for each student, a set of Fluency Cards, and a Teacher Materials Booklet. The teacher booklet includes general directions for administrating both the Comprehension and Oral Fluency Assessments, answer keys for the comprehension passages, and scoring information for both subtests.